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UNION DENSITY IN MARYLAND, 1983-2016
By Adam Pagnucco.
Labor Day is the one day of the year when the press discusses one of America’s great historic institutions, the labor movement. Much of the press’s discourse contains annual descriptions of labor’s decline, some sympathetic and some not. Whatever its causes, the story is true: union influence over the economy and American quality of life has been shrinking for decades. Maryland is not immune.
Labor unions are important protectors of working class and middle class people. Unlike political parties, corporations and the press, labor unions were created directly by working people, are governed by leaders those working people elect and are accountable to their memberships. In their heyday from the 1930s through the 1970s, they played indispensable roles in passing laws on social security, civil rights, wage and hour standards and benefit protections. They also reversed the income inequality that prevailed from the Gilded Age through the 1920s and built America’s first large, influential middle class. Under assault by corporate America, hostile politicians, problematic trade policies and economic change as well as – in some cases – handicapped by myopic leadership, they have mostly retreated to the public sector and a few urban strongholds in the Northeast, the Midwest and the West Coast. Many of today’s economic problems, like stagnant wages, vanishing pensions and the increasing dominance of the one percent can be linked to union decline.
The ultimate source of union power is labor’s percentage of the workforce, commonly called union density. When unions establish collective bargaining for a critical mass of employees in a given market, whether industrial, geographic or both, their compensation becomes the standard that even non-union employers must meet. That’s right – even non-union workers benefit from unions. But when unions are unable to organize significant percentages of workers in their markets, they struggle to maintain high levels of wages and benefits in the face of overwhelming non-union competition. Hence, union density is a critical measure of union effectiveness.
According to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, union density in the United States was 10.7% in 2016, down from 24.0% in 1973. Maryland’s union density in 2016 was 11.0%, almost exactly the national average. New York was the only state in 2016 to have a union density of more than 20% while 27 states had densities of less than 10%.
One might suppose that Maryland would be an exception to the rule of declining unionization given the size of its public sector, its long-time control by labor-friendly Democrats and the status of Baltimore as a once-great manufacturing and shipping center. But the truth is that Maryland has mirrored the rest of the country in falling union density. In 1983, 18.5% of its total workforce was in unions. By 2016, that share had fallen to 11.0%.
Union decline in Maryland has been uneven. Protected by laws allowing state and local government collective bargaining and friendly politicians, public sector unions have mostly held onto their power. Their density in 2016 (27.4%) was little changed from 1983 (29.9%). The real fall of Maryland unions has taken place in the private sector. In 1983, 14.4% of Maryland private sector workers were union members. In 2016, that share had dropped to 5.6%.
Private sector union collapse in Maryland has been broad and deep. Construction unions saw their density fall from 16.0% in 1983 to 12.7% in 2016. In the services sector, the drop was from 10.7% to 5.0%. And in private manufacturing, unions in Maryland have been almost obliterated. Union density in that sector fell from 29.2% in 1983 to a shocking 3.9% in 2016.
Progressive elected officials and advocacy groups have focused on measures like minimum wage laws, sick leave laws, tax legislation, health care reform and education funding to help the working and middle classes and reverse income inequality. All of those things matter. But a long-term, sustainable progressive agenda may be impossible without a healthy labor movement. Independent labor organizations are critical to passing good laws, holding corporations and politicians accountable and preserving the gains made by working people against constant attempts to reverse them. Without them, the one percent will continue their march to total domination.
Disclosures: Your author holds two degrees in Industrial and Labor Relations from Cornell University and worked for sixteen years as a strategic researcher in the labor movement.
USE OF GRIEVANCE SYSTEM IN PGCPS
The Grievance system is unique process that governs dispute resolutions in the schools. Principal, supervisor are made aware of the grievance and can address it before it comes to the attention of the principal’s supervisor. If the grievance remains unresolved at Step 1, it then proceeds to the attention of the principal’s supervisor. The purpose of a grievance is generally to enforce the terms of a collective bargaining agreement between the unions.
The following unions in PGCPS District led by ASASP, PGCEA, ACE-AFSCME Local 2250 and SEIU Unions filed grievances on behalf of several members on several occasions. These grievances proceeded all the way up the chain of command for Prince George’s County Public school district to various managers, Directors and Chiefs, Superintendent William Hite Jr., Dr. Crawley who resigned recently and others also received grievances. However, the PGCPS management did nothing to address the discrimination, retaliation and other corrupt activities, despite being aware of the issues. The management failed to respond to any of the Union grievances filed by the Union because the Unions themselves are involved in questionable activities. It is this egregious conduct fueled by Thatcher Law firm corruption which has polarized the whole school District. The whole school District will never move forward until corrupt lawyers are cleansed from the system.
The terrorist attacks in 2001 were aimed not only at destroying buildings and human lives, but also at undermining Americans’ confidence in their government. While the terrorists’ attempts at the latter ultimately backfired, they did illustrate that our country is only as strong as the commitment of our people and leaders to protect the ideals upon which it is based: individual liberty, freedom of expression, and the ability to redress grievances through a system of laws rather than violence. When lawyers for the local board retaliate and acts unethically on behalf of the School District, when the unions appointed lawyers and other attorneys hired by staff are compromised, they undermine the rule of law and faith in the system. The image of lawyers is not just a matter of professional or personal pride; it affects the public’s belief in our justice system, and ultimately, our faith in our democracy. The fact that there has been so many cases in both the State and Federal courts filed against PGCPS by several employees in recent years, is a clear manifestation that there are many problems within the PG County School District. We must demand answers from our elected officials in regards to the Thatcher Law firm which is engaged in criminal conspiracy with Mr. Bryan A chapman, Mr. Damon Felton and others in defrauding staff within the PG County district. One female employee who protested mistreatment of her colleagues was fired in the middle of her discovery case with malice rather than settle the dispute. There is a big possibility that she might never even win the case because of what her attorney did to the case in conjunction with the Thatcher Law Firm and Mr. Roger Thomas. Only time will tell. It’s clear there’s a criminal cabal around the Thatcher Law Firm that’s giving deadly advice to lawyers hired by various personnel. The Book of Mark, 8:36, sternly asks: “What good is it for a man to gain the whole world, yet forfeit his soul?”
Other PGCPS employees have been chased away recently like goats in the middle of Savanna after filing cases… Who does this to employees for exercising their rights and fighting for the rights of others? Who does this? Who else is involved in this criminal enterprise? What happened to common decency ladies and Gentlemen?
In the past, we reached out to the County Chief Executive Officer Dr. Kevin Maxwell s, however, nothing came out of it. There have been more problems in Prince George’s County than any other time in history. Time has come to move in the right direction with new leadership and a new agenda due to cover ups which are ongoing in Maryland at the expense of past and current workers.
Back to school: It’s worse than you think in Philly.
Philadelphia public schools are opening for the new school year today Monday September 9, 2013 without many of the basics any reasonable person would expect. Paper, for example. Guidance counselors. Nurses.
Amid an agonizing financial and leadership crisis, the appointed School Reform Commission, which has run the district since the state took it over a dozen years ago, passed a “doomsday” budget this past summer that included cuts so drastic there was no money for schools to open this fall with funding for things such as paper, new books, athletics, arts, music, counselors, assistant principals and more. Teachers were laid off. This came after the closure of a few dozen schools.
How did this happen? The state government has financially starved the district for years, and the city’s public school system has been subjected to one reform experiment after another.
How bad is it? Superintendent William Hite made some accommodations to allow schools to open, but parents say the answer to the question is this: Worse than you think.
According to our own considered opinion, it appears Dr. William Hite et al organized a secret plan to promote charter schools as a solution to the Philadelphia public school problem, making the situation ungovernable as he did in PGCPS through the Unions and others. This way, he can advance corruption in Philadelphia public schools and rule by decree while simponing money through the back door using his conspirators. The collapse of rule of law in the Philadephia public school management under Dr. Hite is most egregious scandal in the United States. Only this time it is bigger than PGCPS MESS…
We strongly feel that this is all by design to defame high salary teachers and dismiss them through a coordinated effort using newly hired staff from PGCPS. Many of these teachers and staff being fired are not part of the “good old boys club” which is patently obvious in many district-those teachers who went through the district or are married into it (or are lower in the salary scale) are given the best students and those that are not of the former are given students who need more help. Is there any recourse many have? We are convinced that the local, state and national unions will only afford one a token gesture of support to teachers in their plight for the sake of politics including in Maryland. Time will tell….
Dr. William Hite Jr
Union accountability is needed now.
Weingarten rights don’t mean anything any more to PGCPS and all other unions in PG county Maryland.
There is no victory without honor. Never give in, never give up, Never in nothing, great or small, large or petty, never give in except to convictions of honor and good sense. Never yield to force, Never yield to coercion nor tyranny of galvanized racial emotions as shown by previous Prince George’s County Public Schools (PGCPS) management led Ms. Verjeana Jacobs and Dr. William Hite Jr.
The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of COMFORT and CONVINIENCE but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy. This is one reason why we are demanding change of leadership in ACE-AFSCME Local 2250 and other unions in Maryland.
If you do not know the truth when you find it, you will follow the one with the greatest story. It has been happening in Prince George’s County public schools politics, Union business and religion etc …we have been following the person who sounds the best and with the most money only to be duped. That is how we screwed up in the last Board of Education elections. Picking our leaders in PG County is a display of charisma and developed skills of persuasion, not evidence and TRUTH. But despite all the evidence that seems to be to the contrary, ONCE you take a stand on SUBSTANCE and TRUTH, the WORLD will come after you.
Misery loves company and finding the truth about the lie of racism and political quackery and opportunists in PGCPS District will make those in misery jealous and angry with you. They will call you names, because that is all they have left. The only power they have now is our fear of being called names. At the very hind of being, “Hater, mean spirited, activist, or any other of their very colorful names, we back up and apologize. Let’s stop backing up and stop apologizing and tell these racists idiots they are not going to destroy our community with their gullibility, ignorance and misplaced naive vanity emotions. Prince George’s County belongs to all of us whether we are White, Black, Latino, Asian etc. On this note, We must learn to create a sense of community and compassion for the most vulnerable in society. As we continue to work with everyone in PG County to celebrate the diversity that we love as Marylanders and help bring the nations of the world together.
We need to face the fact that we have for so long been misled by con-racist demigods, and many people whom we respected. That is the only way conmen can succeed, by getting us to respect them.
However this is a MORAL universe, and despite all the evidence that seems to be to the contrary, there is no way that evil and injustice and oppression and lies and impunity and emotional racist tyrannies can have the last WORD.
This is why we are asking the ACE-AFSCME Local 2250 membership to ask the union henchmen identified here (Mr. James Spears and Mr. Daniel Besseck) to step aside to allow proper investigations to occur. The Union Executives sleeping with their subordinates and making innocent workers pregnant without check, must also step aside. It’s time!
- Support increased penalty for contraband in jails, prisons and especially schools.
- Support strong penalties for union executives and administrators who sit on grievances with serious implication and danger for the society.
- Reform Sasscer Movement would be interested in working with the legislature to explore the state’s ability to prosecute gang members within the school district who have connection with the jails.
“But the only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing, or dig their heads in the sand like an ostrich!” ~ Benji Ndoloh